Foreign Aid and Sustainable Development in Arid Zone: An Impact Assessment of the EEC/FGN Afforestation Programme in Katsina-Nigeria (1987 – 2006)
Is it possible to develop models that will not only provide consistent and elegant analytical framework for conceptualizing welfare change and sustainability of public policies and programmes formulated and implemented under a democratic setting, but evaluate the impact of such on the socio-economic welfare or wellbeing of the people living in project communities? Using the European Economic Community/Federal Government of Nigeria Katsina Afforestation Programme, which was conceived as a desertification control measure with the ultimate goal of improving the living condition of the people in the affected area through the provision of certain basic requirements, including fuel wood and poles, to reduce pressure on the remaining natural vegetation and reverse the trend of environmental degradation, this study attempts to measure its socio-economic impact as an example, this study employed the stylized models of Ravallion (1999) and Baker (2000), and Vouvoka and Xepapadeas (2008) to developed criteria for measuring intertemporal changes in social welfare conditions of the project communities within the period 1987-2006. The findings suggest that the project has not only gingered positive social welfare changes and sustainability in consumption and productive base in the short- and medium- term in the face of the existing threat of desertification, but promises to serve as good proximate yardstick for the evaluation of the effectiveness of environment-related public policy under a democratic dispensation, especially in the area of environmental degradation control.
© Department of Geography, Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Nigeria 2016